There were four Hesse states in the old German Federation. Only Hesse-Darmstadt issued coinage after the empire congealed in 1871. The coins on this page are those of Kings Ludwig III and Ludwig IV, with virtually indentical designs except, of course, for the kings' profiles. Coins of King Ernst are not covered here.
We present some typical catalog values in the listings below. As always on CoinQuest, you must apply the concepts outlined on our Important Terminology page to convert these (inflated) catalog values to actual buy and sell values.
Civil War Tokens like yours appeared in the early 1860s because there was a severe shortage of US government-issued coins. Regular cents of the era were strongly hoarded, so private individuals started making small copper coins to meet the demands of commerce. The government caught up eventually, and Civil War Tokens disappeared. CWTs are eagerly collected today.
The picture shows a CWT like the one you have. Many different political and patriotic themes appear on CWTs. For a coin in good shape, like the one in the picture, figure a retail value of $40 to $50 US dollars, sometimes twice those amounts depending upon rarity. Since yours has stains, is heavily toned, and because it is possibly difficult to read, it may sell for $20 to a collector. A dealer would buy it from you for about $5 to $10. Fully uncirculated CWTs are very rare and can fetch several $100s of dollars.
You have a half penny from Great Britain. This series runs during Queen Victoria's long reign, starting in 1838 and ending in 1901. Different versions of the coin bear the queen's likeness at various stages of her life, but the inscription always says Victoria DG (DG = Dei Gratia = by the grace of God). This page applies farthings, pennies and half pennies dated between 1860 and 1894 that look like the coin shown.
FARTHING: 19 mm diameter
These coins are known as Spanish (Hispan) colonial coinage because they circulated freely in the many New World colonies of Spain. You can find essentially the same coins in Bolivia, Chile, Columbia, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru. The coins from Mexico carry the distinctive Mo or oM mint mark -- a small 'o' set over a large 'M'. Coins from Chile bear an So or oS mint mark for Santiago, Chile. There are many other mint marks, as explained below.
That's a neat-looking coin. I really like the design on the reverse side. I don't know what it is, but I like it!
Czechoslovakia minted 20, 25, and 50 haleru coins with lions on the front and neat patterns on the back between 1921 and 1953. The earlier dates were minted in bronze (like our primary picture), and copper-nickel (like our secondary pictures), and the later dates were minted in aluminum. As you can see, the creative designs on the backs of the 20 and 50 haleru gave way to a simple BIG 25 on the back of the 25 haleru. The 25 haleru coins were minted only in 1932 and 1933
In 1878, Great Britain gained control of Cyprus from the Ottoman Empire. 50 years later this great-looking coin was minted to commemorate the anniversary. The obverse shows King George V and the reverse has two very stylish lions posed above the denomination.
It was minted in sterling silver and has a diameter of 38mm. It weighs 28.275 grams with an ASW (actual silver weight) of 0.84 troy ounces. This means that no matter what condition the coin is in, it will always have a base silver value.
French Somaliland is a small territory of France located in Africa east of Ethiopia at the Bab el Mandeb Strait across from Yemen. In 1952 and 1965, 20 franc denominations were issued and minted in aluminum-bronze.
The obverse of this coin shows Liberty wearing a Phrygian cap (symbol of freedom) and the reverse shows a dhow (a lateen-rigged ship with one or two masts) and an ocean liner. These are not particularly valuable coins. Here are the approximate catalog values: