The country we call Guyana today was originally three Dutch colonies: from west to east, they were Essequibo, Demerara and Berbice, named after the rivers which ran through them. For several years control of the area alternated between the Netherlands and Great Britain, with influence from France. Finally, in 1814, the Dutch formally ceded the colonies to Britain, in exchange for having Dutch Guiana returned to it. This history is reflected in this coinage: in 1813, the British are firmly in control and the British king's portrait appears on the obverse of 'stiver' coinage, while the denomination 'stuiver' had been used by the Netherlands for centuries.
Maximinus Thrax (or Maximinus I) ruled the Roman empire for a few years from the mid to late 240s AD. He was not a liked emperor. He had his opponents assassinated to gain power, and sent thousands soldiers into their deaths to claim Pyrrhic victories just for the sake of military titles. When a revolt in Africa spawned a usurper, the Senate instantly turned their backs on Maximinus, and his attempt to reclaim power only ended with his death.
His silver denarii (plural of denarius) are liked by collectors today. He is usually portrayed with a large nose and a big, pointy chin. The reverse varies a bit. Popular motifs are listed as follows: the emperor standing with a spear, flanked by battle standards; Pax (the personification of peace) standing with an olive branch and a scepter; Providentia (the personification of foresight and provision) standing with a wand and a cornucopia (a horn of plenty); Salus (the goddess of health) sitting towards the left feeding a snake; or Victory (the goddess of, well, victory) walking towards the right, holding a wreath and a palm branch.
Located mostly in modern Iran (the region historically known as Persia), the Parthian Empire lasted for about 500 years. Their many kings struck a multitude of coins, and many of the empire's rulers are only known based on these many coins. The chronology of the kings' reigns is constantly being revised, and some coins listed in old catalogs as issued by one king are now thought to have been struck by different kings. It's a confusing field for anyone who doesn't has a firm grip on Parthian history, that's for sure!
Hi marg , there were 250,000 of these copper-nickel New Zealand 1 Crown(5 Shillings) coins minted that year commemorating the Coronation of British Queen Elizabeth II (1952). Here is what the coin catalogs say about these neat coins:
average circulated: $6.50 US dollars approximate catalog value
fully uncirculated: $10
The Washington quarter is the present quarter dollar or 25-cent piece issued by the United States Mint. The coin was first struck in 1932. For other Washington quarters, see this CoinQuest page [Press Here]. We also have a page on special Washington Statehood quarters at this link [Press Here]
In 1973 the mint announced that the quarter, half dollar, and dollar coins would be re-designed for the country's bi-centennial by citizen artists via a $5,000 contest. Eventually three designs were chosen and plans to cancel the same three 1975 coins, make silver versions, and issue a new two dollar bill became reality. A victory torch encircled by 13 stars and a colonial drummer along with the typical mandated writing won the quarter design. JLA under the left arm are the initials of Jack L. Ahr, the winning designer. This quarter was issued over a two year period (1975 and 1976) with more than 800 million issued. So these are not rare and even in high grade they are very common and worth very little. All circulated coins made of copper-nickel are worth face value. Some silver proof coins were made especially for collectors and there are worth their weight in silver.
The seated Lion of St. Mark on the front of this coin symbolizes the Republic of San Marco, an Italian state which existed briefly in 1848 and 1849. With Venice as a capital (which had earlier ceded to the Austrian Empire following Napoleon's conquests) the republic declared independence on March 22nd 1848, but was recaptured by Austria after a long siege just 17 months later, and soon after ceded back to Italy after being held by France as an intermediary.
But enough historical politics. The republic minted other centesimi coins with the Lion of St. Mark, but only the 1, 3 and 5 centesimi have the lion facing directly outwards. Values are decent for coins in better condition.
Sigismund (Zygmunt) III, king of Poland between 1587 and 1632, must have really enjoyed seeing his name and face on coins. He minted tons of them, each with slightly different portraits and inscriptions, which makes identification tough. They are usually pretty well worn, so that doubles the difficulty when reading the already-difficult inscriptions. Then, just when you think you have faithfully ID'd your coin, the catalogs chime in with phrases like varieties exist.
Trinidad and Tobago, off the coast of Venezuela in South America, became independent in 1962 and started producing coinage in 1966. The large $10 dollar coins appeared in 1972 and continued until 1980.
COINS DATED 1972: produced in silver
COINS DATED AFTER 1972: produced in both silver and copper-nickel
The first step in evaluating these coins is to determine the metallic composition. If you have been collecting for a while, you instinctively know the difference between silver and copper-nickel. If you are new, take your coin to a jeweler to be sure.